CodyCox, Advanced Rolfer on
Low Back Pain And Dysfunction -
Overview, Assessment & Treatment
Research and article by Cody Cox, Advanced Rolfer
Jeffrey Maitland, Ph.D, Advance Rolfer
Spinal Manipulation Made Easy: A Manual of
Soft Tissue Techniques
Spacious Body: Explorations in Somatic
“Rolfing: Reestablishing the Natural
Alignment and Structural Integration of the Human Body for
Vitality and Well-Being”
Ida P. Rolf
“Rolfing and Physical Reality”
Ida P. Rolf
Rolfing Structural Integration What It
Achieves, How It Works and Whom It Helps
By Hans Georg
Endless Web: Fascial Anatomy and Physical Reality
R. Louis Schultz (Author), Rosemary Feitis
Rolfing Experience: Integration in the Gravity
Balancing Your Body: A Self-Help Approach
to Rolfing Movement
Scientific research confirms the effectiveness of Rolfing
structural integration. Summaries of a few key studies
In her 1963 study, “Project Breakthrough”, Ida
Rolf found that children who had received Rolfing work
exhibited better muscle tone, better alignment, and improved
Dr. Valerie D. Hunt and Dr. Wayne W. Massey of the UCLA
Department of Kinesiology completed a five-year
controlled study in 1977, entitled, “A study of structural
integration from neuromuscular, energy field and emotional
They found that subjects who
had received Rolfing exhibited:
1. Smoother, larger, and less constrained extraneous
2. Greater movement efficiency and improved neuromuscular
3. More dynamic and energetic body movements, with less
4. A more erect carriage with less obvious strain to maintain
5. Increased emotional calmness, a greater sense of well being,
and decreased anxiety.
More recent research findings
include the positive effects of Rolfing on the autonomic
nervous system (published in The Journal of the American
Physical Therapy Association, Mar. 1988) and benefits of
Rolfing for chronic back pain (The Journal of Orthopedic &
Sports Physical Therapy, Sept.1997).
Abstracts for many of these papers may be purchased directly
from the Rolf Institute (800.530.8875).
Integrating Manual and Movement Therapy with
Philosophical Counseling for Treatment of a Patient with
Amyptrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A case study that explores the
principles of holistic intervention. J.
Cottingham, M.S., P.T. & J. Maitland, Ph.D.,
In Health and Medicine, Winter/Spring 2000.
A Three-Paradigm Treatment Model Using Soft Tissue
Mobilization and Guided Movement-Awareness Techniques for
Patients with Chronic Back Pain: A case study. J.
Cottingham & J. Maitland, The Journal of Orthopedic &
Sports Physical Therapy, Vol.26, No.3,
Effects of Soft Tissue
Mobilization on Pelvic Inclination Angle, Lumbar Lordosis, and
Parasympathetic Tone: Implications for treatment of
disabilities associated with lumbar degenerative joint
disease. Cottingham JT. Public testimony presentation
to the National Center of Medical Rehabilitation Research of
the National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD; March 19, 1992.
Rolf Lines, 20 (2): 42-45, 1992.
Biomechanical Structuring for Figure Skating:
Preliminary pilot study report for the
U.S. Figure Skating Association. Helen
James, Katharine Robertson, & Neal Powers, Olympic Training
Center Camp, CO, 1988.
Shifts in Pelvic Inclination Angle and Parasympathetic
Tone Produced by Rolfing Soft Tissue
Manipulation. J. Cottingham, Frances Nelson
Health Center, Illinois. The Journal of American Physical
Therapy Association, Vol. 68, 1364-1370, 1988.
Effects of Soft Tissue Mobilization on Parasympathetic
Tone in Two Age Groups. J. Cottingham, Frances
Nelson Health Center, Illinois, 1987. The Journal of American
Physical Therapy Association, Vol. 68, 352-356, 1988.
Children With Cerebral Palsy. Cindy
Functional Evaluation of Rolfing in Cerebral
Palsy. Perry, Jones & Thomas. Developmental
Med. Child. Neurol., 1981, 23.
Electromyographic Evaluation of Structural Integration
Techniques. V. Hunt & W. Massey, UCLA.
Psychoenergetic Systems, Gordon & BreachScience Pub., U.K.,
Effects of Structural Integration on Strait-Trait
Anxiety. R. Wagner & V. Hunt, UCLA, 1976.
Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 35, No.2, April 1979.
Stress, Stimulus Intensity Control, and the Structural
Integration Technique. Silverman, Rappaport &
Hopkins. Confinia Psychiatrica, Karger Publisher,Switzerland,
Structural Integration, I.P. Rolf, Rockefeller
Institute, N.Y., 1918 – 1927